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Know Your 5

Trinity Healthy Living

Trinity Health Living
TrinityHL@ihs.org
515.574.6433

Know Your 5 - Taking charge of your health!

Why Knowing Your 5 Numbers is Important
Doctors use the results from the following screenings to assess the quality of your health. Numbers out of the healthy range may be an indicator that you have an increased risk for heart disease, stroke, diabetes or other conditions. The below information will help you keep track of your important 5.

 

Blood Pressure
High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a serious medical condition that many people don't know they have. It can lead to heart disease, chronic kidney disease and stroke.

 Healthy                           Less than 120 / 80     

Prehypertension          120 - 139 / 80-89
(an increased risk for high blood pressure)              

High Blood Pressure    140 / 90 or higher      

 

Blood Sugar
Also known as Blood Glucose. Testing your blood sugar measures your risk for diabetes, a chronic disease that can lead to blindness, heart disease, kidney failure, and nerve problems.

                            Fasting                Non-Fasting                

Healthy             Less than 100    Less than 140             

Pre-diabetes     100-125            140 - 199  

Diabetes        126 or higher       199 or higher               

 

Cholesterol
High cholesterol is a major risk factor for heart disease. Don't worry about memorizing your total cholesterol number, which can be misleading. Instead, memorize the 2 forms it's carried in: HDL and LDL.

Total Cholesterol = 200 or less

HDL - Healthy cholesterol = 50 or higher

LDL - Unhealthy cholesterol = 100 or less

 

Waist Size
A large waistline nearly doubles your risk of dying prematurely. Why? Belly fat sends a toxic stream of chemicals into your whole body.

Healthy Waist Size

Women - 35" or less

Men - 40" or less

 

Weight
Obesity can cause many health problems. Too much body fat is a health risk. One way to assess your risk is your Body Mass Indicator (BMI). (To calculate your BMI click here) 

Underweight = less than 18.5

 Healthy weight = 18.5 - 24.9       

 Overweight = 25 - 29.9

 Obesity = BMI of 30 or greater